Top 30 Famous Temples in India
India: Land of Spirituality and Abode of Temples
- Amarnath Cave Temple– This famous temple in India is located at the height of 3888 meters above the sea level in the state of Jammu and Kashmir in Pahalgam. It is considered to be the sacred pilgrimage that is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is believed that it exists for more than 5000 years. Inundate by snow-covered mountains, Amarnath Cave temple a famous Shiva temple in India is also covered with snow most of the times of the year. This Indian temple is famous for the natural formation on Shiva Linga from the ice stalagmite. The tale says that Amarnath cave was picked by Lord Shiva to divulge the clandestine of formation of world and immortality of his companion Goddess Parvati. Every year, thousands of devotees visit this sacred Hindu pilgrimage during June and August.
- Vaishno Devi Temple– MaaVaishno Devi Temple is one of the prominent temples of India which is located at the height of 5300 feet at TrikutParvat in Katra in the northernmost state of Jammu and Kashmir. The one can reach the temple after an uphill trek of 12 km from the base camp at Katra. The famous temple in India is in the form of three rocks heads that are known as Pindies. Every year 8 million devotees visit this temple to seek the blessings of Vaishno During nine days of Navratri festival which is held twice in a year, the temple gets most crowded as it is considered to be auspicious days to visit.
- Badrinath Temple– Badrinath temple is one the holiest temple in India and is a part of Char Dham and Chota Char Dham Pilgrimage tour. It is one of the most famous temples in India located at an altitude of 3100 m in-between Narayana and Nar Mountain near Alaknanda River in Chamoli district in the state of Uttarakhand. The temple was founded by AdiShankaracharya in the 9th century and it is one of the 108 temples that are dedicated to Lord Vishnu. This ancient temple in India can be visited from April to November as rest of the year climatic condition are not favorable to visit this holy place. Having heaps of tales and myths, the beautiful place is loved by everyone for its deep spirituality and daintiness.
- Golden Temple– Golden Temple, Darbar Sahib, or Sri Harmandir Sahib, give it any name, but this temple of India is the most pious holy place for Sikhs that is located in Amritsar in the state of Punjab. Not just Sikhs, but this famous temple in India is visited by people from all religion and people from across the world visit this shrine. The Gurudwara symbolizes the brotherhood and equality. The temple has amazing architecture, interiors and the outer of the temple is gold plated. Daily 50,000 people visit here and eat Langar.
- The Konark Sun Temple– The Sun temple was constructed back in the 13th century is an astounding creation of king Narasimhadeva. This ancient temple is located in the town Konark of the Puri district in the state Odisha. The marvelous and famous temple in South India is dedicated to Lord Sun. The temple has been named under UNESCO world heritage site for the brilliant Oriyan architecture that includes iconography, artwork, and themes that intricate erotic kama and mithuna scenes. The design of this famous temple in India intricate a chariot being drawn by the seven horses and has twelve wheels taking Lord Sun across the heaven. Even in its remnants, the Konark Sun Temple is sparkle exemplified.
- Meenakshi Amman Temple– Another temple in the list of famous 30 temples of India and an absolute architectural wonder that is situated in the city of Madurai known as temple city and on the banks of River Vaigai. The Meenakshi Amman Temple is dedicated to Goddess Parvati who is also known as Meenakshigopurams that are magnificently carved with thousands stone figures and paintings enhances the walls. In the mythology, it is said that the marriage of Meenakshi and Shiva happened in Madurai and it is still celebrated each year with much grandeur and show.
- Venkateswara Temple– For many this name is new but we all know this Indian temple very well. Venkateshwar temple is famous as TirupatiBalaji across the country. Located in a hilly area of Tirumala in Andhra Pradesh, this is the most visited temple in India and is one of the most majestic South Indian temples. The temple is dedicated to Lord Venkateshwara who is an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. It is believed that the construction of this ancient temple is dated back to 300 AD and is the second wealthiest temple in the world after SreePadmanabhaswamy Temple in Kerala. The temple is visited by nearly 40 million people yearly and devotees here offer a huge amount of donation and gold. This ancient temple has always been famous as the rulers of many great dynasties of South India have visited this temple. The rich heritage and outstanding Dravidian style architecture make this temple more special.
- Somnath Temple– “The Somnath temple signifies that the power of reconstruction is always greater than the power of destruction” These are the words of India’s First President, Dr.Rajendra Prasad. The Somnath temple is one of the oldest temples in India as well is considered to be one amongst the famous Shiva temples in India. Located on the west coast of Gujarat in PrabhasKshetra, it is one of the 12 JyotirlingasChalukyan architecture after Independence in 1947. Also, PrabhasKshetra is believed to be the region where Lord Krishna left his body. Another interesting fact about this famous temple in Gujarat is that it is built on the Arabian Sea Shore and there is no land in a straight line between the temple and the South Pole.
- Ramanathaswamy Temple– Ramanathaswamy Temple is one of the most important Hindu pilgrimage site and Temple of India. The temple is located on the island Rameshwaram which can be reached via Pamban bridge. It is one of the 12 Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva and is accredited to be the southernmost Jyotirlinga of India. There is a tale and is believed that this temple is the place where Lord Rama offered his gratitude to Lord Shiva when he came back with Sita after defeating Ravan. Initially, there were two lingams inside the holy place where small one was built by Goddess Sita and the larger one was brought by Lord Hanuman from Kailash and is known as Vishwalingam. The main construction of the temple started in the 12th century and got completed much later during the rule of various kings. This ancient temple is another Dravidian style of architecture piece from south India and dominates the skyline of island
- Kedarnath Temple– Kedarnath is one of the famous temples in India which is situated in Rudraprayag at the highest altitude of Himalayan range and comes under the Chota Char DhamYatra. Located amid the snow-clad mountains near the origin of river Mandakini, the temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva to celebrate his greatness. It is one of the famous temples of Lord Shiva in India. This Indian temple is amongst the 12 Jyotir Lingams and the most important one in PanchCedars. Gaurikund, Chorabari Tal, Vasuki Tal, Bhairav Temple are some of the places which can be visited near Kedarnath The temple can be visited in April to June. In winters, there is a heavy snowfall which makes the route hard to cross and during the monsoon season, there is a threat of natural calamities.
- Brihadeshwara Temple– Another famous temple of Lord Shiva in India located in Thanjavur city in Tamil Nadu that is a masterpiece of the finest artistic creation of the Chola dynasty. The temple is also known as RajaRajeswaram and PeruvudaiyarKovil and was built in 11th Century by Raja RajaChola
- Virupaksha Temple– One of the most famous temples of India, Virupaksha Temple was built in the 7th century and is known for being a functional temple since it came into existence. This ancient temple is located on the southern of Tungabhadra river bank and north of the Hemakuta hill in an ancient town Hampi. This heritage site of Hampi is also recognized under UNESCO World Heritage just like all other heritage sites of The temple is another Shiva temple in India. Virupaksha temple is religious as well as is the famous tourist destination in Hampi. The holy place is a long rectangular enclosure, cherishes the Virupakshalinga, and widely renowned for its tall gopuram, architecture, and unpredictable carvings. In February, the annual chariot festival takes place in the temple and is known for Virupaksha and Pampa marriage and engagement celebrations. This is why the famous South Indian temple is also known as Pampapathi temple.
- Mahabodhi Temple– This famous temple of India is dedicated to Buddhism. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is near Patna and is believed to be the place where Lord Buddha gained enlightenment. Mahabodhi temple comes under four holy places relating to the life of Lord Buddha and is the first temple build in-between 5th-6th century by Asoka. The temple is built completely by the bricks and is believed that this Buddhism temple has a significant impact on the growth of brick architecture. It is believed that the offspring of the Bodhi tree under which Lord Buddha sat to gain enlightenment is planted here and every here it draws the attention of thousands of Buddhist pilgrims.
- Siddhivinayak Temple– Siddhivinayak Temple is one of the India famous temples and the most crowded and worshipped temple of India. The temple was established back in an early nineteenth century. It was built in the year by Mr.LaxmanVithu in the organization of Mrs.DeubaiPatil. Siddhivinayak temple is the famous temple in Mumbai, located at the heart of the city Prabhadevi in Mumbai. The supreme deity of the temple is Lord Ganesh. The sanctum doors are made of wood and are carved with various images of Ashtavinayak and the 2.5 feet tall statue of Ganesha is kept in the area of 2550 sq. Meter inside the shrine. Every day, thousands of devotees visit the temple including Bollywood celebrities and politicians, but the maximum number of people come to seek blessings of Lord Ganesha is on Tuesday.
- Dilwara Temple– TheDilwara Temples is standing in the verdant of Aravali hills in Mount Abu in the state of Rajasthan. The magnificent temples were made in the 12th century VastupalTejpal is an architectural wonder and one of the finest example of Jain temples in the world. The interior of the ancient temple is extraordinary; it is decorated with marble stone carvings that make a temple look amazingly lovely. VimalVasahi, Pittalhar, Luna Vasahi, Parshavanatha, and Mahavir Swami Temple are five single storied temples inside the main temple complex and each of them is devoted to various Jain Tirthankaras. Talking about the main attraction of this famous Jain temple of India is a dome-shaped ceiling known as RangaMandapa. Chandelier-like shape in the middle of the mandapa and sixteen stone-influenced icons of Vidyadevi enhance the beauty of RangaMandapa. The unique carvings on the pillars and roofs are one of the best examples that will go over in India bearing declaration to the aptitude and level of craftsmanship accomplished amid that period.
- Kashi Vishwanath Temple– KashiVishwanath Temple is one of the most famous temples of India located at the banks of River Ganga in the spiritual and oldest city Varanasi which is also said to be the cultural capital of India. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva who is also referred as Vishweshwara or Vishwanath, means the kind of the universe. It is another famous Shiva temple on the list. The temple has been visited by many great men like Gurunanak, Swami Vivekanand, GoswamiTulsidas, and AdiShankaracharya. The Jyotirlinga of Shiva is enshrined inside the temple and it is believed that the blessings from seeing this jyotirlinga at Kashi are equivalent to visiting the other 11 jyotirlingas in other parts of India. People also believe that visiting this holy place of Shiva in Varanasi is one way through which a soul can attain Moksha.
- Lord Jagannath Temple– The imposing and magnificent Lord Jagannath Temple standing high in Puri, Odisha is one of the most famous temples in India and is amongst major pilgrimage for Hindus and also comes under “Char Dham” trip. Puri is mostly visited by the devotees of Lord Krishna to offer to seek the blessing from Lord Jagannath, at least once in a life. Other than Lord Jagannath, Goddess Subhadra and Balabhadra are other gods that are being worshiped inside the temple. This famous temple of India is built on the huge platform right in the heart of the city and is enclosed by 6.1 meter high walls called as MeghanadaPacheri. The main temple in Puri is surrounded by about 120 temples and shrine. The Oriya style architecture and sculptural richness, the temple stands out and makes its way to marvelous monuments in the country.
- Jwalamukhi Temple– Located amid lush and hills in the Kangra Valley of the state Himachal Pradesh stands this beautiful Jwalamukhi temple which is dedicated to the Goddess with the flaming mouth. The temple is amongst one the 52 Shakti Peethas in India and is a famous North India Temple. In the magnificent temple in North India, there is a pipe made of copper through which natural gases make the way inside the temple and the priest lights it. This is taken as an indication of the goddess Jwalamukhi and there are no particular divinities in this ancient temple. Here, the Goddess is adored as the flames that turn out from the cleft of the rock.
- Lingaraja Temple– Lingaraj Temple, the one of the oldest as well as the largest temple of Orissa, the temple city of India which is built using laterite and sandstone. This ancient temple is another oldest temple in India and is the main temple to celebrate the festival of Shivratri. The Kalinga style architecture which has been originated in Orissa dated back to 1000 A.D cannot be seen well than this ancient Lingaraj Temple which is also an attraction for historians. Yes! This temple attracts Lord Shiva devotees but is also a place to visit for historians. The statue of Lingraj represents Lord Shiva but in this temple of India, Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu can be seen in the idol at Lingraj temple and the combination of both the Gods is referred as Harihara. There is a lake that touches the temple called BinduSagar; it is said to have healing powers. Non-Hindu folks cannot enter the temple and if they wish to see the architecture, they are allowed to enjoy the magnificent temple from the platform.
- Sanchi Stupa– Abode of many Buddhist monuments established between 3rd century BC to 12th century AD,Sanchi is a village in Madhya Pradesh. One can come across with too many monuments here but the oldest and the greatest one is “SanchiStupa” or the Great Stupa. It is the oldest stone monument in India established back to the third century BC. The SanchiStupa is a holy place or temple of Buddhist, which is worked in the state of an arch that comprises of relics of Buddha. Built by Asoka the great emperor, this famous pilgrimage site in India is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1989. The structure of this Stupa is encompassed by four entryways known as Toranas and each entryway symbolizes the feeling of love, peace, trust, and courage. The Great Stupa is a straight hemispherical brick structure that is 16 meters high and 37 meters in diameters is made over the relics of Buddha.
- Shirdi Sai Baba Temple– ShirdiSai Baba temple was built in the year 1922 in Shirdi in the state of Maharashtra. This famous Indian temple got famous because it has its roots in Sai Baba, an Indian master or yogi. Sai Baba accomplished prevalence and significant by finishing his lessons and religious messages. Every day, approximately 25000 followers of Sai Baba visit this famous temple of India for Baba’s darshan. His lessons had components of Hinduism and Islam. Shirdi has turned into a tourist destination and pilgrimage center because of Sai Baba. Ramnavmi, Vijayadashmi, and Guru Purnima are the major festival that is celebrated with full zeal and passion.
- Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple– Another temple in South India situated in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala and is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and is one of the 108 DivyaDesams. What makes this temple special is that it is the richest temple in the world just after treasure was discovered in the temple. The temple is said to be the replica of Sri Adikesavaperumal Temple. Like many other South Indian temples, this temple also can be visited only by Hindus and they can enter the temple only in dress code; men have to be in dhoti without shirt and women have to wear sari or skirt and blouse. The idol in this ancient temple showcases the supreme trinity of Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh.
- Vitthala Temple– This is one of the most spectacular temples of Vijayanagar, Hampi, located near Tungabhadra river. When it comes to architectural wonders and magnificence, this masterpiece makes it place in the living legends of Hampi, as this one is with the musical pillars in Mahamandapam. It is said that the sixteen pillars at the mahamandapam that are decorated with Narasimha and Yali play music when they are played in a particular manner. The other attraction of this temple is the chariot in the temple that is shaped in the form of a lotus and is capable of revolving.
- Dwarkadhish Temple– Dwarkadish temple is one of the ancient temples in India that is more than 2500 years old, situated in the Dwarka city in Gujarat. This famous Krishna temples in India is situated on Gomti creek and is known as JagatMandir or TrilokSundar. It is believed that the temple was built by the great-grandson of Lord Krishna Vajranabh. This temple in West India is dedicated to the king of Dwarka, Lord Krishna. The Dwarkadhish temple is one of the main temples in Char Dhamyatra in the west, and also is one of the 108th DivyaDesam of Lord Vishnu. The temple is a five-story structure of 51.8 meters standing high with the support of 72 carved pillars and sculptures has two doors, one for entry which is known as swargdwar and one for the exit which is known as moksha Inside the temple is the deity of Lord built in black stone of 2.25 ft in height.
- Khajuraho Temples– One of the seven wonders of India and another UNESCO World Heritage Site in India, the Khajuraho sanctuaries are a fantasy created in stone. This is another historical temple in India which is unparalleled and undisputed in their grace, creativity, style and sheer magnificence the Khajuraho sanctuaries are stunningly lovely. The erotic sculptures and carvings on the exterior of the temple beautifully adorn it and are entrancing and enthralling and will abandon you desiring for additional. The temple complex incorporates a few shrines including the KandariyaMahadev Temple, the Lakshman Temple, the Chaturbhuj Temple, and so on. Khajuraho has the biggest gathering of Jain and medieval Hindu shrines and each of them is a perfect work of art. It is said that Khajuraho temple had over 75 temples in the area in the past but currently there are about 20 temples in the complex.
- Yamunotri Temple– This sacred temple of Yamunotri is situated opposite to Gangotri which is likewise the wellspring of River Yamuna which is the second holiest river in India. The famous temple is surrounded by lush, mountains, a frozen lake, the wellspring of the river, and glacier Champasar situated at an elevation of 4421m is blocked off. Therefore the temple is placed at the foot of the slope. This Indian temple is dedicated to Goddess Yamuna and the divinity is made of dark marble. The temple was built in the nineteenth century in Uttarkashi and is a part of Chota Char Dham tour. The temple was damaged and rebuilt twice due to the damage from a natural disaster.
- Akshardham Temple– The Akshardham temple in Delhi was built on the ideologies and ethics of VastuShastra and PancharatraShastra, and inaugurated in 2005 is a tribute to and embodies centuries of Indian culture, old architecture, and spirituality. The great monuments and Indian temple can be viewed as a combination of various design styles from all over India. The temple complex has different types of structures which delineate history and culture of Indian religion. This architectural temple was made using Rajasthani pink stone and Italian Carrara marble. The temple is dedicated to the principal deity of Swaminarayan faith, Lord Swaminarayan. During the night, this magnificent temple looks more stunning with all the light arrangements and every evening, light and music show takes place in the temple.
- Lotus Temple– Lotus Temple is another Indian temple on the list from Delhi. This temple is a Bahai House of Worship whose construction of completed in the year 1986. Constructed in the shape of a lotus, the sanctuary has won honors since it appeared and had turned into a major tourist attraction in the capital city Delhi. The temple has total nine entryways which prompt a central hall without pictures, idols, or statues. The temple is spread over in the area of 26 acres.
- Gangotri Temple– The holy beginning of river Ganga is revered at Gangotri temple which is located in the Uttarkashi in Uttarakhand. There is an incomplete submerge Shivaling along the temple in the waters of Bhagirathi that connotes the place where God Shiva ensnared Ganga in his hair. The temple is made using white granite in the eighteenth century. The sacred temple of India, Gangotri temple opens up on AkshayaTritiya because at this time an idol of Ganga Maa is brought from the Mukhyamath sanctuary which is at a distance of 20 km.
- Kamakhya Temple– This temple of India is one the old 52 Shakti Peetha. Kamakhya temple is situated in the Nilachal Hill in western Guwahati and the temple is dedicated to Hindu mother, Goddess Kamakhya. The temple is a point of all the Tantra worship and one can see thousands of devotees of tantra when AmbubachiMela and Manasha Puja is going in the temple. Going back to a few centuries, the shrine was pulverized twice before it was rebuilt in 1565. Inside the sanctum or the garbhagriha, there is a yoni-shaped stone that is filled with water and is situated in a cave beneath the ground level.
“There are some parts of the world that, once visited, get into your heart and won’t go. For me, India is such a place.” Keith Bellows, National Geographic Society.
India is a land of heritage, culture, architecture, religion, and spirituality. To know a country like India in deep and to understand the culture of the country, one can visit the temple of India or take a pilgrimage tour in India which gives an opportunity to explore the history of the country. There is nothing better than exploring the different temples in India which somewhere binds all the states and diverse population.